Today we have hundreds of programming languages for web development, both frontend and backend. Developers choose the programming language based on project needs, learning curve, reliability, etc. According to TOIBE Index 2021, Python, C and Java are among the top five programming languages in the world.
This article looks at the top programming languages for web development.
Hypertext Preprocessor is a server scripting language that scripts on web servers for customized responses to user requests. PHP is easily accessible and allows developers to update their websites frequently. Popular websites that use PHP include Etsy, Facebook, Flickr, Wikipedia, Tumblr, Yahoo, and WordPress.
HyperText Markup Language is possibly the most well-known programming language in the world. It is a declarative markup language that creates a web page through labeling. Unlike a scripting language, HTML is used for page structuring and template creation. It is impossible to code a working website without HTML. HTML can also be used with other languages to create more interactive and complex websites.
Python is a general purpose language that was voted the most popular programming language in 2021. It is also one of the best languages for web development and is generally used in the backend. Python is also beginner-friendly thanks to its simple and readable syntax. Python supports multiple programming paradigms, uses English keywords instead of symbols, and is easy to read and write. It also integrates well with other languages. Popular websites using Python include Spotify, Mozilla, Netflix, Reddit, the Washington Post, and Uber.
C# is a .NET language and is object-oriented. It is simple but powerful in design and supports web development especially on Windows or Microsoft platform applications. In addition, C# has access to .NET’s breadth of libraries and frameworks, making building web apps on Windows servers more efficient. A key benefit of C# is its ability to work well with other languages, and it’s ideal for cross-platform applications. It also supports functional programming and can easily be used in parallel processing.
Ruby is an object-oriented programming language known for its simplicity and ease of use. Developers use Ruby to create architecturally clean and high-quality web applications. The language is also very flexible, allowing developers to categorize code into simple blocks and encapsulate instructions for easy invocation. It also powers the Ruby on Rails framework for web applications. Developed by over six thousand contributors, the Ruby on Rails framework is a server-side web application framework. Popular websites using Ruby include Shopify, GitHub, Urban Dictionary, AirBnB, Hulu, Slideshare, and Goodreads.
Developers often use Java to create dynamic websites with attractive and interactive web interfaces. Java is based on the write-once-run-anywhere approach and facilitates cross-platform compatibility. In addition, Java Virtual Machine allows the programming language to work on different devices and platforms. Popular websites built on Java include eBay, LinkedIn, Amazon, Aliexpress, Spotify, Netflix, Uber, Minecraft, and NASA.